Top 5 rated articles
Red alert! Celebrities with red hair
My baby won't sleep: Tips for tough nights
Wrinkles: a guide to wrinkles
Quiz: why am I still single?
Which Bond Girl are you?
Understanding Endometriosis
Article in images

Symptoms and diagnosis


 - Symptoms and diagnosis
© Getty Images/Hemera Technologies
Endometriosis occurs when small pieces of the lining of the womb grow elsewhere in the body - most commonly in the fallopian tubes, bladder, ovaries, bowel or vagina.

These rogue cells follow the same pattern as those that line the womb - every month they grow during the menstrual cycle and are then shed as a bleed.

Normally before a period, the lining of the womb thickens in order to receive a fertilized egg; when the egg isn’t fertilized, the lining breaks down and leaves the body as menstrual blood. When these cells grow elsewhere in the body, though, they have no point of exit, and the tissue becomes trapped, often causing pain and swelling, generally in the pelvic area, lower back or abdomen.

Other common symptoms of endometriosis can include painful periods, pain during sex, heavy periods, bleeding from the bowel and pain during urination. In some women it can also cause infertility - there is a greater risk of this when the condition goes undiagnosed for a long time.

Although the cause of endometriosis is not known, some experts believe there is a hereditary link and are even looking into the possibility of a gene that might make people more prone to the condition. As yet, nothing has proven conclusive.


Suzanne Baum
Rank this page: 

Article Plan Understanding Endometriosis
Don't miss...
Gift guide for every man in your life7th episode: How to stay in shape while enjoying the company of your friends
Famous Capricorns: Celebrities with Capricorn star signCelebrity silver foxes: hot men with gray hair
Latest… 30/04/2017
How To Get A Flat Stomach In 30 Minutes Straight!
The Fricker method
The Pritikin Diet
The Dash Diet
See all Health and Fitness guides
Zumba Party in Pink Zumbathon with Beto, Wyclef & Amy Childs
See all Health and Fitness videos

Don't miss out!

...Join our newsletter
Get the wewomen latest straight to your inbox
Find us on...