Vegetables of the cabbage family

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Vegetables of the cabbage family




Known for its strong taste and smell, cabbage is a much-maligned vegetable, but cabbage and its Brassicaceae or crucifer relatives have so many good qualities it's a shame to overlook them!
 - Vegetables of the cabbage family

All varieties of cabbage are rich in minerals (potassium, sulfur, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and iron) and vitamins (C, A, B9, E and K). Cabbage is all good nutrition-wise. It's packed with minerals, toning and energetic properties, provided of course that it's eaten shortly after purchase and not cooked for too long, to retain the goodness. Its revitalizing and diuretic qualities are highly prized for detox. The only part of cabbage that is normally eaten is the leafy head and the round cluster of young leaves, not the darker, maturer outer leaves. We often talk about the head of a cabbage because of its round shape, but not all forms of cabbage have this round head (for example, broccoli is made up of several small branches and is not round!).

Try our cabbage recipes!

3 preparation tips:
1) Wash the cabbage in vinegar water to remove insects.
2) To keep the color of green cabbage, blanch in boiling salted water and vinegar for 2 to 5 minutes and then immediately plunge into a bath of iced water (cold water and ice) to set the chlorophyll which gives it its green color.
3) Make it more palatable by adding a piece of dry bread to the cooking water and a pinch of baking powder to absorb the sulfur that's responsible for the strong smell. This also helps to set the color.

Curly green cabbage (Savoy cabbage) and green cabbage
Description Savoy cabbage has curly green leaves and is dark green on the outer leaves, which become lighter inwards. It grows from September to June. Green cabbage has smooth, fairly thin leaves which are dark green and can turn blue/purple at the edges. It is available from late fall.
Uses Both are cooked to taste or sauteed, but rarely eaten raw (better blanched for 5 minutes).
Ges well with: White meat, minced meat, onions, stews, soups, stuffed, with dried vegetables, soft cheeses and oily fish.

Red cabbage
Description A cabbage with smooth purple leaves, with pretty white stripes when cut. It becomes fuchsia in color when soaked in vinegar-based dressing (the acidity of vinegar gives it this color). When cooked it becomes almost blue, and can taste a litlle sour.
Uses Raw in salads, steamed or in casserole.
Ges well with: Carrots, apples, tuna, chestnuts, bacon, paprika, bananas, red and cured meat.

White cabbage
Description A round cabbage with smooth white or pale green leaves. When raw, it has a fresh flavor that's sour and spicy at the same time. When cooked, it absorbs the flavor of whatever you cook it with. It is harvested in June.
Uses

Raw in salad, coleslaw, cooked in a pressure cooker or in sauerkraut.

Ges well with: Celery, green apples, nuts, roquefort cheese, orange, juniper, cured meat and mustard.

Brussels sprouts
Description These are small round cabbages that hang in clusters on a central stalk. There are many varieties which can be found on shelves from the end of September to March. Brussels are very rich in Vitamins B9, B1, fiber and Provitamin A.
Uses It is not a good idea to eat them raw, but to blanch slightly (5 minutes) before slicing for cold salad, for example. Otherwise, they are good steamed (for no more than 8 minutes) or sauteed in a pan.
Ges well with: Bacon, roasts, Munster, blue and other strong cheeses, cumin and lemon.

Cauliflower and green cauliflower
Description Quite round in shape, these are white, with fine grains and close branches. The leaves at the base should be pale green and tight too. Light green cauliflower also exists.
Uses Cauliflower cheese, mashed potatoes, fritters, grated or eaten raw (crudités and dips).
Ges well with: Crème fraiche, mascarpone, cinnamon, cheese, lemon, salmon, curry and chives.

Broccoli
Description In the fields it is found on a central stem at the end of which grow several litlle branches. At the base of the stem, green leaves grow high enough to protect the head of broccoli. The branches have compact grains and their color ranges from yellow-green to green-blue-violet or green. Broccoli is rich in Vitamin C and tastes fine, soft and slightly sweet because it is high in carbohydrate. Find it on shelves from July to November.
Uses Raw or cooked in a gratin, quiche, mashed potatoes, soup and stir fry.
Ges well with: Cheese, salmon and tuna, parmesan, tomatoes, olive oil, almonds and white meat.

Romanesco
Description Also known as round broccoli, this is a little cauliflower-like vegetable with little pointy heads like pyramids, light green in color.
Uses Steamed and then sauteed, raw in salads or as a dip.
Ges well with: White fish, fennel, fine herbs, hard cheeses and Asian recipes.

Chinese cabbage (Po-Tsaï)
Description

It looks like a Romanesco cabbage with an elongated shape, has large, thin, white sides and pale green, curly leaves. It has a mild but fresh taste when eaten raw, that goes well with many recipes without being too dominant.

Uses Enjoy raw, in salads, grated, boiled or stir-fried in a wok.
Ges well with: Soya beans, sauteed beef, Asian spices, nuoc-mâm sauce, soy sauce and cashew nuts.

With thanks to Editions Minerva.


Sarah Horrocks
03/12/2008
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